Monday, June 19, 2017

Fort Presque Isle falls during Pontiac's War

In 1763, the Treaty of Paris brought the French and Indian War to a close, and all lands previously controlled by the French were now under British control. American Indians in the Ohio Country, Illinois Country, and Great Lakes region feared the loss of their French allies and the influx of colonists from east of the Appalachian Mountains settling on their land. To prevent the incursion of colonial settlers,  Odawa war chief chief Pontiac encouraged Ohio Country tribes to unite and to rise up against the British.

One event in Pontiac's War occurred on this day in 1763, when the British built Fort Presque Isle, present-day Erie, Pennsylvania, was assaulted by a force of about 250 Ottawas, Ojibwas, Wyandots, and Senecas. After holding out for two days, the garrison of approximately sixty men surrendered on the condition that they could return to Fort Pitt. Most were instead killed after emerging from the fort.
Is it estimated that by late fall of 1763, Pontiac's forces had killed or captured more than six hundred people. 

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